Because young children still are not able to fully regulate their temperature, they are often unaware of being cold, so it is important to keep them warm. Layers of clothing are a good way to keep adjusting to changing temperatures, and an undershirt of soft wool or cotton that fastens at the crotch ensures a warm belly.

Since the child between one and three is learning about the world and his body especially intensely through movement, it can be of great support to him to clothe him in a way that keeps him warm and least hinders his natural movement. For example:

·      woollen tights or leggings that are not too tight at the belly

·      dresses, overalls or jumpsuits that attach at the shoulders

          and keep the belly free of elastic bands

·      wool sweaters (jumpers) or cardigans over a cotton shirt

·      in the summer, cotton cardigans over a short sleeved shirt    

Footwear for children this age is likely to be of best support for the healthy development of the foot if it offers least resistance to the foot.[1] Most children have flattish feet until they are about five when the arch forms, so there is no need to support the foot. The ideal shoe is soft and protects the foot from cold, rough surfaces and resembles going barefoot. There are wonderful leather slippers that slip on and are held by an elastic inside the ankle piece. Children have difficulty taking them off, which is usually a very good thing at this stage, and they are very warm over a pair of warm socks or stockings. They are wonderful for inside wear and for outer-wear in dry weather. Going barefoot is ideal when it is warm, and the surfaces are not too rough on the feet. In cold weather, the softer the shoe and the more breathable wool and leather on the shoe the better, but this can be difficult to find. To keep the feet warm in winter wear, it can help to have the shoe or boot be a little too large to have a layer of wool socks on top of the regular sock.

See The importance of warmth

The importance of natural fabrics

Design and simplicity of clothing and surroundings

How to make decisions


Clothing - Michaela Glöckler and Wolfgang Goebel

Using sheep's wool - Michaela Glöckler and Wolfgang Goebel

The Importance of Warmth - Susan R. Johnson MD

Clothes for the baby and small child - zut Linden


[1] Glöckler, Michaela and Wolfgang Goebel. Guide to Child Health. Floris Books, Edinburgh and Anthropsophic Press, Hudson, New York 1990


Bed in summer 

by Jessie Wilcox-Smith

Wet Feet, 1902 

by Jessie Wilcox-Smith